In ancient times,the sedan chair was considered as aspecial transportation vehicle in China. It is liftedwith shoulders and hands. The sedan chair was themost' common in the Song Dynasty. In fact, it is aremovable chair fixed on two poles with or without atent. The Chinese sedan chair was very popular in many areas in histoiy. In different ages andareas,the sedan chair has various names, for example,douzi, nuanjiao, etc. The sedan chair weknow now is nuanjiao. As far as its kind is concerned, the sedan chair can be categorized intothree types: sedan chair for officials, common people and weddings. Regarding the purposes,the sedan chair falls into two types: one for mountain roads, and the other for flat roads.