微信刷題,考證常用
  • 試題題型【閱讀理解】
試題內容

    It has been reported that in colleges across the United States, the daytime serial drama known as the soap opera has suddenly become “in”. Between the hours of 11 a. m. and 4:30 p. m., college television lounges are filled with soap opera fans who can’t wait to see the next episode in the lives of their favorite characters.

    Actually, soaps are more than a college favorite; they’re a youth favorite. When school is out, high-school students are in front of their TV sets. One young working woman admitted that she turned down a higher paying job rather than give up watching her favorite serials. During the 1960’s, it was uncommon for young people to watch soap operas. The mood of the sixties was very different from now. It was a time of seriousness, and talk was about social issues of great importance.

    Now, seriousness has been replaced by fun. Young people want to be happy. It may seem strange that they should turn to soap opera, which is known for showing trouble in people’s lives. But soap opera is enjoyment. Young people can identify with the soap opera character, who, like the college-age viewer, is looking for happy love, and probably not finding it. And soap opera gives young people a chance to feel close to people without having to bear any responsibility for their problems.

1.[單選題]Which is NOT the reason why the soap opera has suddenly become “in” among American young people?
  • A.Because the viewers want to be happy and to enjoy themselves
  • B.Because the soap opera makes young people feel close to their people
  • C.Because the viewers can find themselves in the soap opera characters
  • D.Because the young people have to bear the responsibilities for their troubles
  • 解題思路:這是一道細節題,本題詢問“下面哪條原因不是肥皂劇在美國年輕人當中流行的原因?”。首先我們通過瀏覽全文知道,這個問題的信息定位在最后一段里;隨后我們細讀這一段后發現,四個選項中選項D在文中是以否定形式出現的,因為前面有介詞without,所以我們選擇答案D。
2.[單選題]What can we learn from the passage?
  • A.College students like soap operas more than any other social groups
  • B.Young people of sixties like soap operas more than people today
  • C.Young viewers have turned themselves from the seriousness of sixties to enjoyment now
  • D.The young as a whole are trying to look for happy love but in vain
  • 解題思路:這是一道推斷題,本題詢問的是從文章中我們可以了解到什么信息。這里需要我們對四個選項逐一排查,首先選項A的信息定位在第二段,第二段第一句話即本文的中心大意,已經告訴我們肥皂劇不僅僅是大學生喜愛的節目。選項B的信息定位在第二段里,“During the 1960’s, it was uncommon for young people to watch soap operas.”(在六十年代,年輕人很少觀看肥皂劇)。因此我們判斷選項B是錯誤的。選項D的信息定位在第三段里,“Young people can identify with the soap opera character, who, like the college-age viewer, is looking for happy love, and probably not finding it.”這里告訴讀者也許年輕人會在肥皂劇里找到自己的影子,也許就像大學生觀眾一樣,尋找真愛卻以失敗告終,但這里作者并不是說明所有年輕人的愛情之旅都是失敗而告終的,所以選項D是錯誤的。選項C在對六十年代觀眾和當今觀眾進行分析對比后得出,年輕的觀眾將自己從六十年代嚴肅的主題轉向娛樂的話題。因此我們確定選擇答案C。
3.[單選題]What message does the author want to convey to us?
  • A.The people’s favorites to drama works have been changed for a long time
  • B.The people’s favorites to drama works change along with the times
  • C.The people’s favorites to drama works is changed by the soap opera
  • D.The people’s favorites have changed the drama works
  • 解題思路:這是一道推斷題,本題詢問的是作者想要給讀者傳遞什么樣的信息。這篇文章將肥皂劇的觀眾變化說起,并分析了這一現象的原因所在,旨在告訴讀者影視作品的主題是隨著時代而發展的,所以我們確定選擇答案B。
4.[單選題]What can be the best title of the passage?
  • A.College student viewers
  • B.Favorite TV serials
  • C.Soap opera fans
  • D.College-age viewers
  • 解題思路:這是一道主旨題,本題詢問這篇短文最佳的標題。我們知道,標題是對整篇文章中心大意的高度概括,所以我們需要了解這篇文章告訴我們什么。這篇文章的中心大意落腳在文章第二段的第一句話,“Actually, soaps are more than a college favorite; they’re a youth favorite.”(事實上,肥皂劇與其說是大學生的喜愛,更準確的說是年輕人的喜愛)。文章第一段舉例說明肥皂劇在大學生生活的地位,隨后第二段緊接這說明肥皂劇也深受中學生的推崇,最后一段分析了為什么肥皂劇會得到青年人喜愛的原因。此外,我們通過對答案的分析也可進行判斷,選項A和D表達意思相同,所以答案不可能在這兩者之間,其次選項B(最受歡迎的電視連續劇),文中雖然提到青年人喜歡觀看肥皂劇,但并沒有告訴讀者是劇目的名稱。綜合分析后,確定正確答案是C。
5.[單選題]What is soap opera?
  • A.Plays based on science fiction stories
  • B.Plays based on non-fiction stories
  • C.The daytime serial dramas on TV
  • D.Popular documentary films on TV
  • 解題思路:這是一道詞義推測題,我們通常需要根據上下文的線索來猜測詞義,有時作者會在給出某個單詞或短語的定義前后,對其進行解釋或說明。就本題而言,文中在出現soap opera之前作者給出“the daytime serial drama”并且中間用了過去分詞“known as”(被稱作),因此我們很容易知道the soap opera(肥皂劇)的概念,確定選擇答案C。
  • 參考答案:D,C,B,C,C