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試題內容
    The French Revolution broke out in 1789. At the time France was in a crisis. The government was badly run and people’s lives were miserable. King Louis XIV tried to control the national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed. He ordered his troops to Versailles. The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14,1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July 14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792 to get support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie also had her head cut off. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte. 
1.[單選題]What does the underlined word “abolished” mean?
  • A.Put off
  • B.Established
  • C.United
  • D. Ended
  • 解題思路:這是一道詞義推測題,我們通常需要根據上下文的線索來猜測詞義。就本題而言,劃線詞所在句子的大意是“1792年9月,君主制被怎么樣了?!閉餛惱率前湊帳奔淥承蚪行鶚齙?,所以我們需要了解在1792年9月之前發生了什么,我們細讀這幾句話“Louis tried to flee the country in 1792, to get the support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished.”(1792年國王路易十四試圖逃跑以期得到奧地利和匈牙利的支持,但是他還是被捕入獄)。隨后在這句話后面出現句子“In the same year, Louis was executed.”(同年,路易十四被處決)。因此我們可以推斷一個國家國王逃跑,后又被處決,那么這個國家的政權制度肯定就被廢除了,所以我們確定答案D。這里選項A短語 put off的意思是“推遲、推延”。選項B的意思是“建立、設立”;選項C的意思是“聯合,團結”。
2.[單選題]What was NOT the effect of the Revolution?
  • A.July 14 has become the French National Day
  • B.It brought some impact on the other European Kings
  • C.Louis’s wife, Marie was killed
  • D.The king tried to control the national parliament
  • 解題思路:這是一道推斷題,本題詢問“以下哪個不是法國大革命產生的效果?”。這道推斷題不太容易找到具體對應的句子或者句群,需要我們從整篇文章的內容中進行推斷。在我們對四個選項進行認真分析后發現,選項A說明法國大革命爆發之日成為法國的國慶日,選項B說明法國大革命對歐洲其他國王帶來了影響,選項C說明路易十四的妻子在大革命爆發后也被處死,這些都是講述法國大革命爆發后的事件,而選項D則是描述大革命爆發前的狀態——國王試圖控制議會,這并不是法國大革命所帶來的影響,所以我們確定選擇答案D。
3.[單選題]Where were the political prisoners kept?
  • A.In Versailles
  • B.In Austria
  • C.In Prussia
  • D. In Bastille
  • 解題思路:這是一道細節題,本題詢問“政治犯關押在什么地方?”。本題需要的是有關地點的信息。地點作為專有名詞,出現在文章中必須大寫,所以在我們在閱讀中很容易注意到它們。根據選項中的四個地名,我們對文章進行查讀后發現這樣一句話“On July 14, 1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept.”這句話與題干相符,所以我們確定選擇答案D。
4.[單選題]What’s this passage about?
  • A.France
  • B.King Louis
  • C.The French Revolution
  • D. Europe
  • 解題思路:這是一道主旨題,本題詢問這篇短文是關于什么主題的,即中心大意。一般來講,一篇文章的中心大意可能位于文首或文尾,也有可能隱藏在整篇文章之中。同時,一篇文章的主題也常常是文中出現頻率較高的名詞,它們往往體現文章的主題。這篇文章的第一句話“The French Revolution broke out in 1789.”(1789年法國大革命爆發)隨后在文章里又相繼出現了兩次Revolution和一次The Revolution of France,同時通過瀏覽我們也可以判斷出這篇文章是圍繞法國大革命爆發的背景、過程及帶來的影響而展開敘述的,由此可知這篇文章的中心大意就是有關法國大革命,因此正確答案是C。選項A和D所指的范圍太寬泛,選項B的范圍又過于狹隘。
5.[單選題]Which did not happen in 1789?
  • A.The French Revolution broke out
  • B.The national economy was developing rapidly
  • C.The government wasn’t well run
  • D.King Louis XIV was in power
  • 解題思路:這是一道細節題,本題詢問“以下哪件事不是發生在1789年?”。本題的關鍵詞是“1789年”。一般來講,人名、地名、年代、金錢等信息出現在文章中,很容易被讀者關注。我們瀏覽全文后發現,本篇文章一共出現了兩個年代信息,分別是1789和1792。在文章中,前部分都是有關1789年發生的事情,直到“Louis tried to flee the country in 1792, to get the support from Austria and Prussia.”這一句開始描述1792年以后發生的事情。四個選項中,A、 C和D很清晰地在文章前四句話里涉及,而選項B與選項C互為相反的情況,因此我們確定選擇答案B。
  • 參考答案:D,D,D,C,B