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試題內容
    Sometime in the middle of the 15th century, a well-to-do merchant from London buried more than 6,700 gold and silver coins on a sloping, hillside in Surrey. He was fleeing the War of the Ro-ses and planned to return during better times. But he never did. The coins lay undisturbed until one September evening in 1990, when local resident Roger Mintey chanced upon them with a metal de-tector, a device used to determine the presence of metals. Mintey's find much of.which now sits in the British Museum-earned him roughly $350,000, enough to quit his job with a small manu- facturer and spend more time pursuing lost treasure.

  But digging up the past is controversial in Britain. In many European countries, metal detecto- fists, or people using metal detectors, face tough regulations. In the U. K., however, officials in- troduced a scheme in 1997 encouraging hobbyists to report their discoveries (except for those fall- ing under the definition of treasure, like Mintey's find, which they are required to report)--but al- lowing them to keep what they find, or receive a reward. Last year, a hidden store was uncovered

  in a field outside Birmingham. It consists of more than 1,500 gold and silver objects from the sev- enth century and was valued at more than $4.5 million. While local museums hurry to raise enough money to keep the find off the open market, it sits in limbo, owned by the Crown but fa- cing claims by the landowner and the metal detectorist who found it.

  The find marks the latest battleground in the increasingly heated conflict between the country's 10,000-20,000 metal detectorists and the museum workers determined to protect its precious old objects. Supporters say the scheme stems the loss of valuable information about precious old ob-jects, while opponents argue that metal detectorists don't report everything.

  The debate centers on the larger question of who owns the past. "There's been a slow move over the centuries that precious old things belong to us all," says Professor Christopher Chippindale of Cambridge University. But in Britain at least, the temptation of buried treasure could change all that.

1.[單選題]According to Professor Christopher Chippindale, buried treasure _____ 
  • A.is owned by the public  
  • B.is debated in a heated way 
  • C.remains a big temptation 
  • D.turns precious over time
  • 解題思路:細節題。從文章最后一段第二句"1here'S been a slow more over the centuries that precious old things belong to US all."可知,這位教授認為這些寶藏或文物是屬于大家共有的,故選A.
2.[單選題] In the U. K., metal detectorists _____  
  • A.are rewarded for whatever they find 
  • B.are forced to obey tough regulations 
  • C.may keep what they have discovered 
  • D.should report whatever they discover
  • 解題思路:細節題。根據第二段第三句"In the U.K., however, officials introduced a scheme in l997 encouraging hobbyists to repoa their discoveries(...)一but allowing them to keep what they find. Or receive a reward."可知,在英國,政府出臺政策鼓勵人們上報發現的物品,但是允許他們擁有,故選c.
3.[單選題]What do we know about Roger Mintey?  
  • A.He produces metal detectors.  
  • B.He owns a manufacturing firm. 
  • C.He works for the British Museum. 
  • D.He seeks buried treasure as a hobby.
  • 解題思路:推斷題。由文章第一段可知,Mintey只是使用金屬探測器發現了金幣,并不是他發明了金屬探測器,故A不正確。由第一段最后一句可知,Mintey是在一家工廠工作,并不是擁有一家工廠,故B、C不正確。從文章第一段最后兩句可知,Roger Mintey是偶然間用金屬探測器發現的并且他在一家小工廠工作,第二段第三句也提到政府鼓勵愛好者上報他們的發現,并舉了Mintey的例子,由此可推斷Mintey只是將此作為愛好,故選D.
4.[單選題]As for the find outside Birmingham, it is still unclear _____  
  • A.how much it is worth  
  • B.how it was discovered  
  • C.who is entitled to it 
  • D.what it is made up of
  • 解題思路:推斷題。根據文章第二段最后一句"While local muse umshurry to raise enough money to keep the find off the open market, it sits in limb0, owned by the Crown but facing claims by the landowner and the metal detectorist who find it."可知,關于該寶藏的歸屬權還在爭論中,故選C.
5.[單選題]According to the first paragraph, the coins in Surrey were _____  
  • A.worth roughly $350,000  
  • B.possessed by a local resident  
  • C.unearthed about 500 years ago  
  • D.left by a merchant during a war
  • 解題思路:關于薩里的硬幣,從文章第一段第一、二句"...awell—to—do merchant from London buried more than 6,700...He was fleeing the War of the Roses…"可知,這些硬幣是被一位商人在戰爭中留下的,D正確。由第一段最后一句"Mintey's find——much ofwhich now sits in the British Museum——eamed him roughly$350.000…spend more time pursuing lost treasure."可知Mintey發現的金銀幣大約值三十五萬美元,但他并沒有發現全部的,題干問的是埋在底下的全部金幣的信息,所以A不正確;第一段沒有提及歸屬權的問題,故8錯誤;由第一段開頭可知,金幣是在15世紀中期(大約l650年左右)埋藏的,l990年發現,中間大約340年左右,故C不正確。綜上所述,故選D.
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  • 參考答案:A,C,D,C,D