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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容
    Most of us are neither pilots nor astronauts. We are not trained to steer large hulks of steel and gasoline while manipulating small computers. So there’s something blindingly obvious about the risks of texting while driving. Yet research is beginning to show that driving while simply talking on a cell phone—including using hands-free technology--can prove dangerous,even deadly. 
    In late July,the Center for Auto Safety released hundreds of pages of a study that identified the cell phone as a serious safety hazard when used on the road. And though it’s impossible to accurately calculate how many car accidents nationwide are cell phone related, David Strayer, a psychology professor at the University of Utah,estimates that only 2%of people are able to safely multitask while driving. 
    Strayer, who for more than a decade has been studying the effects driving and cell-phone use have on the brain,says those 296 are probably the same people who would be really good fighter pilots. Rarities. Some of Strayer's other findings show that most drivers tend to stare straight ahead while using a cell phone and are less influenced by peripheral vision(周邊視覺). In other words,“cell phones,”he says,“make you blind to your own bad driving. 
    And even though the common assumption is that hands—free technology has reduced the more dangerous side effects of cell-phone use,a series of tests conducted by Strayer seems to indicate the opposite. A passenger acted as another set of eyes for the driver in the test and even stopped or started talking depending on the difficulty of conditions outside the car. Meanwhile,half the drivers talking on a hands-free phone failed bypassing(繞過)the rest area the test had called for them to stop at. 
    Part of the problem may be that when people direct their attention to sound,the visual capacity of their brain decreases,says Steven Yantis,a professor of psychological and brain sciences at Johns Hopkins University. It can be as if a driver is seeing the image in her head of the person she is talking to,there by decreasing her ability to see what’s actually in front of her. 
1.[單選題]In Strayer's tests, the drivers were required to __________.
  • A.stop at a certain rest area
  • B.by pass a certain rest area
  • C.be aware of the dangerous side effects of cell-phone use
  • D.stop talking to the passenger under difficult conditions
  • 解題思路:原文該句中的called for意為“要求”,和題干中的required同義,該句表明測試“要求”司機??吭謚付ǖ膔est area。因此.本題應選A。
2.[單選題]According to David Strayer, a good fighter pilot must be good at __________.
  • A.driving fast ears safely
  • B.doing many tasks at the same time
  • C.steering huge machines
  • D.identifying risks of the surroundings
  • 解題思路:原文這兩句都提到了2%,第3段第l句表明這2%的人可以成為優秀的飛行員,而這2%的人具有什么與別人不同的特點呢?這在第2段最后一句提到:他們能一邊開車一邊做別的事。由此可推斷,成為飛行員的人,應能同時做不同的事。文章開頭的前兩句也提到了相關內容,因此,本題應選B。
3.[單選題] As it is mentioned in the passage,the drivers talking on the cell phone tend to __________.
  • A.be blind to the things straight ahead
  • B.be aware of their bad driving habits
  • C.ignore the items on both sides
  • D.be influenced by peripheral vision
  • 解題思路:該句提到邊開車邊使用手機的司機往往會直視前方(stare straight ahead)、較少受到周邊視線所及之物的影響(less influenced by peripheral vision),因而影響了行車的安全。由此可知司機通話時,會將注意力集中在前方,忽略兩邊的事物,C與此同義,故為本題答案。
4.[單選題]The passage is intended for emphasizing the safety issue on __________.
  • A.working on computers
  • B.traveling in space
  • C.using a cell phone
  • D.driving a ear
  • 解題思路:本題考查文章的主旨,從第l段可以知道本文要討論的是使用手機是否會影響開車安全,強調使用手機會影響行車安全。由此可見,本文要討論的是“行車安全”的問題,而不是如何安全使用手機的問題,因此,本題應選D。
5.[單選題]Steven Yantis is most likely to agree that __________.
  • A.sound can weaken people’s eye sight
  • B.sound call distract people from vision
  • C.sound is necessary for the formation of visual image
  • D.sound is incompatible with visual ability of the brain.
  • 解題思路:最后一段第l句表明當人的注意力集中在聲音上時,視覺能力就會減弱,這也就是說,聲音會削弱人視覺上的注意力,因此,B符合原文的說法。
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  • 參考答案:A,B,C,D,B